Momoki Shiro1,
1 Osaka University, Japan, 1-5, Machikaneyama-cho, Toyonaka-shi, Osaka 560-8532, Japan

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This paper tries to shed new light on the research on the village history in the Red River Delta during the 18th to early 19th centuries, based on the reexamination of the materials collected at former Bách Cốc Village (Vụ Bản District, Nam Định Province) and its surrounding villages in the joint field research project during 1994-2006. Although several preliminary studies on these materials have already been published, there is still room for deeper research. After summarizing the history of the research for the communal village in Northern Vietnam, this paper closely examines the information of landholdings in 1805 of Bách Cốc and two neighboring villages (Tiểu Cốc and Dương Lai). The striking deviation among these villages are then analyzed from new viewpoints other than conventional one that concentrate in the scale of landholdings (of only rice fields). For instance, judging from the records of Bách Cốc and another nearby village named Thị Mai, female landholders played an important role through their marriage in the land transfer among villages. Records of Tiểu Cốc shows that, besides rice fields, the land category of “housing lots, gardens and ponds” should be paid more attention to understand the household economy and the relationship among clanspeople as well. Finally, textual problems so far overlooked (the lack of uniformity among the sources of a same category and that among the listed information within a single material as well) of well-known materials related to the three villages such as địa bạ (land cadasters) and gia phả (family genealogy) are raised, hopefully providing basis of further research.

Article Details


(Primary sources)
[1] Bùi thị gia phả 裴氏家譜 (compiled in 1891 [with a brochure written in 1913] and copied in 1942), Bách Cốc materials: Vu Ban2-TanThanh- tancoc 004~006.
[2] Đỗ gia thế phả 杜家世譜 (version A, n.a.), Bách Cốc materials: Vu Ban 1-DaiThang 2-dinh huong 001.
[3] Đỗ gia thế phả 杜家世譜 (version B,1859),Bách Cốc materials: Vu Ban 1-DaiThang 2-dinh huong 010.
[4] Hậu thần bi ký 后神碑記 (1805, inscription of the Ngon Temple in xã Thi Mai), Bách Cốc materials: Vu Ban 1-DaiThang1-thimai005.
[5] Nam Định tỉnh Nghĩa Hưng phủ Vụ Bản huyện Trình Xuyên Hạ tổng địa bạ 南定省義興府務本 縣程川下総地簿, Viện Nghiên cứu Hán Nôm, AG a.9/26.
[6] Nam Định tỉnh Nghĩa Hưng phủ Vụ Bản huyện Trình Xuyên Thượng tổng địa bạ 南定省義興 府務本縣程川上総地簿, Viện Nghiên cứu Hán Nôm, AG a.9/27.
[7] Nguyễn gia phả 阮家譜, (1895), Bách Cốc materials: bc028.
[8] Phật tự bi ký 仸祀碑記 (1735), no. 10 in the catalog Bách Cốc xã tư liệu tập bi vặn biên 百穀
(Secondary works)
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[11] Japan Society for Comparative Family History. (supervision), (2016), The forefront of the research in family history vol. 1: Family/Household and Communality (in Japanese), Tokyo: Nihon Keizai Hyoronsha.
[12] Momoki, Shiro 2017. “Land Categories and Taxation Systems in Đai Việt from the Tenth to the Fourteenth Century: A New Perspective from Goryeo and Early-Medieval Japan”, Conference: Vietnam and Korea as ‘Longue Durée’ Subject of Comparison: From the Pre-Modern to the Early Modern Periods, Hanoi University of Social and Human Sciences, VNU, March 5, 2017. [Short paper: IIAS News letter No. 79, March 2018, pp. 32-35]
[13] Momoki, Shiro 2019. “Tình hình nghiên cứu lịch sử Việt Nam ở Nhật Bản: Lịch sử và đặc trưng của nó”, Nghiên cứu Lịch sử 517, tr. 3-25.
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[15] Phan Huy Le, (Chủ biên)-Nguyễn Đức Nghinh-Vũ Minh Giang-Vũ Văn Quân-Phan Phương Thảo, (1997), Hệ thống tư liệu địa bạ Việt Nam 2, Địa bạ Thái Bình, Trung tâm Nghiên cứu Việt Nam và Giao lưu Văn hóa, Đại học Quốc gia Hà Nội.
[16] Phan Huy Lê, (chủ biên), (2005, 2008), Địa bạ cổ Hà Nội (2 tập), Nhà Xuất bản Hà Nội.
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[19] Sakurai, Yumio, (1999) “Villages in 19th Century Southeast Asia: The Formation of Villages in the Red River Delta of Vietnam”, in Iwanami Lectures of World History vol. 20, Hamashita Takeshi (ed.): the ‘Modern Times’ of Asia, pp.119-148.
[20] Sakurai, Yumio, (2006), An Attempt of Historical Area Study: Bạch Cốc, unpublished ms.
[21] Shimao, Minoru, (2000), “The Reorganization of the Clan Integration in a Village in Northern Vietnam form the 19th Century to the Early 20th century”, in The Reconstruction of “Blood Relationship” (in Japanese), Yoshihara Kazuo, Suzuki Masataka and Suenari Michio (eds.), Tokyo: Fukyosha, pp. 213-254.
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